The Argentine Republic (official name), is a sovereign state and it is represented as federal republic.
The name Argentina comes from the Latin “argentum” and means silver. This association is based on legends about a country rich in silver that were common among the first explorers who penetrated this region.
On May 25, 1810, by means of the May Revolution, the first government for the country was established.
On July 9, 1816, in the city of San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina’s Independence was proclaimed.
Location and International Boundaries
The Argentine Republic is located at the southern end of South America.The international boundaries are:
Bolivia and Paraguay
Chile and the Atlantic Ocean
Brazil, Uruguay and the Atlantic Ocean
The Argentine Republic is divided into 23 provinces plus the Independent City of Buenos Aires, the headquarters of the National Government.
*Distance from Bs. As to the capital of Province
||Cdad. A. de Bs. As.
|1 Buenos Aires (Pcia.)
||S. F. del Valle de Catamarca
|7 Entre Ríos
||San Salvador de Jujuy
|10 La Pampa
|11 La Rioja
|15 Río Negro
|17 San Juan
|18 San Luis
|19 Santa Cruz
|20 Santa Fe
|21 Stgo. del Estero
||Santiago del Estero
|22 Tierra del Fuego
||San Miguel de Tucumán
To the west along the entire length of the Argentine Republic extends the Andes Mountain Range. In this great mountainous chain, in the province of Mendoza, lies Mount Aconcagua
. At 6962 meters (22,840 ft), this mountain is the highest in the world outside of Asia.
Several other mountainous groups, although much smaller in height, with more space between them, and separated by great valleys, are found towards the east of the Andes.
The north, center and east of the country are occupied by a great plain with gentle undulations and very fertile lands.
To the south of Argentina is the Patagonia plateau, composed of a group of high plateaus, and high and arid plains that extend from the Andes to the Atlantic Ocean.
Highest Mountains in Argentina
|Name and Location
|Mount Aconcagua (Mendoza)
|Mount Pissis (La Rioja / Catamarca)
|Mount Ojos del Salado (Catamarca / Chile)
|Mount Mercedario (San Juan)
|Mount Bonete Chico (La Rioja)
|Mount Tres Cruces (Catamarca / Chile)
|Mount Llullaillaco (Salta / Chile)
|Mount Del Nacimiento (Catamarca)
|Mount Incahuasi (Catamarca / Chile)
|Mount Tupungato (Mendoza / Chile)
Seasons in the Southern Hemisphere
December 21 to March 20
March 21 to June 20
June 21 to September 20
September 21 to December 20
Due to the great latitudinal extension and its diversity of topography, Argentina has a wide variety of climates.
In general, the predominant climate is temperate, although in the north and northeast there is a subtropical climate and there is a subantarctic climate in the extreme south.
The north of the country is characterized by very hot and humid summers, with mild and dry winters.
The center of the country has hot summers with rain and storms, and cool winters.
The south of Argentina has mild hot summers and very cold winters with much snowfall, especially in the mountainous areas.
The climate in Mendoza
In the plains the climate is continental temperate and dry with a greater amount of precipitation in the summer. As you ascend towards the mountains, the temperature falls.
Snowfall appears from the months of May to September. The arrival of spring brings the first heat which causes the thaws that increase the level of the rivers. This waters the extensive cultivation, supplies water to the cities and offers an ideal scene for aquatic sports and adventure.
Mendoza boasts an average of 330 days of a sun a year.
Monthly Temperature Averages of Mendoza
December and January are the warmest months
June and July are the coolest months
January and February are the wettest months
June and August are the driest months
The official language of the Argentine Republic is Spanish.
The official religion is Roman Catholic (93% of the population), but freedom of worship exists.
Other religions that are practiced less commonly are: Judaism, Protestant and Islam.
||New Year’s Day
||National Day of Rememberance for Truth and Justice
|March / April
||Veterans Day and Tribute to the Fallen in the Malvinas War
||Anniversary of the First Independent Government
||Flag Day (Anniversary of the death of Gen. M. Belgrano)
||National Independence Day
|July 25 (Holiday in Mendoza)
||Patron Saint Santiago Day (Patron Saint of Mendoza)
||Anniversary of the death of General San Martín
||National Sovereignty Day
||Immaculate Conception Day of Mary
The official currency is the Argentine Peso and its symbol is $
Paper notes exist in denominations of $2, $5, $10, $20, $50 and $100
Coins exist as $1, $0.50, $0.25, $0.10, and $0.05
Time Zone in Argentina
Argentina’s time zone- 3 GMT
Arriving in Mendoza
Mendoza’s International Airport (“Francisco Gabrielli”), is located a few minutes from the city of Mendoza.
Despite this is considered as International (because it connects flights into Chile), you cannot fly directly from United States, Europe or Brazil. You must first stop in the Buenos Aires or Santiago (Chile) International Airports, and then a short flight to Mendoza City.Buenos Aires to Mendoza (2 hours)
Santiago (Chile) to Mendoza (50 min.) The province also utilizes two airports located in the departments of San Rafael and Malargue (in the center and south of the province respectively) for domestic flights.
The bus terminal in the city of Mendoza is part of a very important connection of services that joins Buenos Aires with the rest of the provinces in Argentina.In addition, there are a large number of buses that arrive from Santiago, Chile.
|Distance from the city of Mendoza to
|Aeropuerto de Mendoza
|Cañón del Atuel
|Chacras de Coria
|Laguna Horcones (mirador del Cerro Aconcagua)
|Las Cuevas (frontera con Chile)
|Luján de Cuyo
|Puente del Inca
|Santiago de Chile
Summer hours: 8:30 AM to 12:30 PM and 5:00 PM to 9:00 PM
Winter hours: 9:00 AM to 1:00 PM and 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM
12:00 PM to 3:00 PM and 9:00 PM to 11:00 PM
10:00 AM to 10:00 PM (in summer the hours are extended to 11:00PM/ 12:00 AM)
8:00 AM to 1:00 PM
Currency Exchange Offices
9:00 AM to 1:00 PM and 4:00 PM to 8:00 PM
Useful Numbers in Mendoza
Country Code 54
/ Area Code 261
Emergency 911 (police, ambulance and fire department)
Mendoza Airport: 520-6000
Mendoza Bus Terminal: 431-5000/ 431-3001
The police in Mendoza wear blue uniforms and can be seen policing on foot, in patrol cars, motorcycles and on horseback in General San Martin Park.
Weights and Measurements Conversions
|1 centimeter (cm) = 0.394 inches
||1inch = 2.542 cm
|1 meter (m) = 3.281 feet
||1 foot = 0.305 meters
|1 kilometer (km.) = 0.621 miles
||1 mile = 1.609 km
|Centígrade to Fahrenheit
|(Degrees centigrade) x 1.8 + 32
|Fahrenheit to centigrade
|(Degrees Fahrenheit) - 32 : 1.8
The electricity used is 220 V (Volts) / 50 Hz (Hertz).
Keep in mind that you may need an adaptor to be able to recharge your photographic or video camera with the type of power outlets used in Argentina.
We suggest that you bring an adaptor or you can buy one when you arrive, since they are economical and easy to find.